Citing a research paper as a source for an essay can be tricky, as you may not be sure what information you have to include to do it properly. Whether you are creating an in-text citation or a citation for a reference list, make sure you include key details like the author and title of the paper.
Name the author and the publication date in text before the quote. To simplify the in-text citation, place the last name of the author in the text to introduce the quote and then the publication date for the text in parentheses.
If you do not want to name the author in the text, start the citation with their last name in parentheses at the end of the quote. If there is more than one author, list their last names, separated by commas. For example, you may write, "'This is a quote' Minaj et al. Write the name of the organization if there is no author. If you are quoting from a research paper with no author, look for the name of the organization that published the paper.
Use words from the title in quotation marks if there is no author or organization. If you cannot find an author or an organization that published the research paper, you can use the first words of the title of the paper instead.
Include the year of publication for the research paper. Place a comma between the author or title of the paper and the publication date. Note the page number where the quote appears in the research paper. Count the paragraphs in the paper and number them in order. Note the author of the paper by last name and first initials in italics. Place a comma between their author's full last name and their first initials.
If there are multiple authors, list them by last name and then first initials, separated by a comma. Include the year the paper was published in parentheses, followed by a period.
All numbers in your Abstract should be typed as digits rather than words, except those that begin a sentence. The body of your research paper begins on a new page, Page 3. The whole text should be typed flush-left with each paragraph's first line indented spaces from the left. Also, avoid hyphenating words at ends of line.
Text Citations are important to avoid issues of plagiarism. The main principle here is that, all ideas and words of others should be properly and formally acknowledged. The Reference Section lists all the sources you've previously cited in the body of your research paper. The Appendix is where unpublished tests or other descriptions of complex equipment or stimulus materials are presented. Footnotes are occasionally used to back up substantial information in your text.
They can be found centered on the first line below the Running Head, numbered as they are identified in the text. What is the difference between Tables and Figures? Tables are used to present quantitative data or statistical results of analyses.
Examples of quantitative data are population, age, frequency, etc. Figures on the other hand come in different forms. These could be graphs, images or illustrations other than tables. Figures are commonly used to show a particular trend, or to compare results of experiments with respect to constant and changing variables.
Understandably, it can be overwhelming to compile a paper that conforms to all these rules! But remember that when in doubt you can always consult your supervisor, who will have more insight about the writing conventions in your field.
Reading published papers that are similar to yours will likewise give you some insight into the correct layout. Check out our quiz-page with tests about:. Retrieved Sep 14, from Explorable. The text in this article is licensed under the Creative Commons-License Attribution 4. You can use it freely with some kind of link , and we're also okay with people reprinting in publications like books, blogs, newsletters, course-material, papers, wikipedia and presentations with clear attribution.
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An APA Research Paper Model Thomas Delancy and Adam Solberg wrote the following research paper for a psychology class. As you review their paper.
How to Write an APA Style Research Paper PDF Version. An APA-style paper includes the following sections: title page, abstract, introduction, method, results, discussion, and references. Your paper may also include one or more tables and/or figures. APA Paper Formatting & Style Guidelines Your teacher may want you to format your paper using APA guidelines. If you were told to create your citations in APA format, your paper should be formatted using the APA guidelines as well.
APA (American Psychological Association) style is most commonly used to cite sources within the social sciences. This resource, revised according to the 6 th edition, second printing of the APA manual, offers examples for the general format of APA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the reference page. Dec 20, · How to Cite a Research Paper in APA. Citing a research paper as a source for an essay can be tricky, as you may not be sure what information you have to include to do it properly. If you are using APA format for your essay, you will need %(1).